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Understanding Concussion and its Symptoms

Many people suffer from a concussion each year due to multiple reasons like falls, vehicle accidents or even due to some sports. Read on to learn about the symptoms of concussion plus the key aspects of concussion treatment.

What is a Concussion?


A mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) is called a concussion. This injury usually happens due to a blunt force trauma. However a penetrating trauma can also cause concussions. A concussion happens when the brain bounces inside the skull causing bruising and even bleeding. The first 24 hours are very crucial after the injury. Immediate treatment and monitoring are necessary as a first step in concussion treatment or for any head trauma.

Losing consciousness in an immediate symptom of a concussion but not the only determining factor. In the hours following an injury, subdural and epidural hematomas, contusions and edema may develop and it is imperative that patients are monitored closely. (source)

Common signs of a concussion in healthy adults and teens include:

  1. Headache
  2. Feeling of pressure in the head
  3. Temporary loss of consciousness
  4. Ringing in the ears
  5. Confusion
  6. Nausea or vomiting
  7. Fatigue
  8. Delayed response to stimuli
  9. Mood and personality changes
  10. Neck pain
  11. Sensitivity to noise and direct light
  12. Slurred speech

The treatment for concussion mainly focuses on making the person comfortable and getting plenty of physical, mental rest. Below are a few natural remedies for concussion treatment.

    1. Sleep & Rest
    2. Light Exercise
    3. Antioxidant-rich foods

Sleep & Rest

Brain definitely takes time to heal after a concussion. The brain needs to be mentally rested. And for the same reason reading, playing games, using computer or any devices should be avoided until all concussion symptoms are gone.

Return to the work place should be introduced slowly after having enough rest. If you operate machinery, climb ladders or do tasks that need a good balance, do not return to the work place until you are symptom free.

Light Exercise

Study shows that adding a light exercise can help overcoming the concussions. A light aerobic activity is generally safe and effective and protects against ongoing symptoms. Also to the note females take significantly longer time (four times) than male to heal from a concussion.

Antioxidant-rich foods

Consuming more antioxidant-rich foods have shown encouraging results in the treatment of concussions and TBIs. Some of the foods include turmeric, green tea, red grapes, blueberries, cranberries and pistachios. A cup or two of green tea can help cognition, alertness while protecting brain from oxidative stress.

Precautions

Life threatening complications are also possible if a patient can not be awakened or one pupil appears larger than the other. Few other life threatening complications include: convulsions, repeated vomiting, slurred speech and severe weakness.

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Dr. Vishal Jogi

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